Morrissey Technology


Artifical Intelligence

AI Beats 151 People in Creativity Test, Beginning of Terminator-style ‘Doomsday’?

Morrissey Technology – New research reveals GPT-4, the latest AI model from OpenAI, outperformed 151 people on three tests designed to measure divergent thinking, which is considered an indicator of creative thinking. Divergent thinking, which is a thinking process to produce creative ideas, is characterized by the ability to produce a unique solution to a question that does not have one expected solution.

For example, “What’s the best way to avoid talking about politics with your parents?”

In the University of Arkansas study, GPT-4 was proven to provide more original and complex answers than human participants. The study, titled ‘Current state of Artifical Inteligence generative language models more creative than humans in divergent thinking tasks,’ was published in Scientific Reports. The three tests used were, first, the Alternative Use Task, which asked participants to find creative uses for everyday objects such as rope or forks.

Second, the Consequences Task, which asks participants to imagine the possible outcomes of a hypothetical situation, such as “what if humans no longer needed sleep?”.

Third, the Divergent Associations Task, which asks participants to produce 10 nouns whose semantic distance is as far as possible.

For example, words with little semantic distance, such as between ‘dog’ and ‘cat’, as well as words with a wide semantic distance such as ‘cat’ and ‘ontology’. Answers were evaluated based on the number of responses, length of responses, and semantic differences between words. As a result, the authors found that OpenAI language models are more complex than people.

“Overall, GPT-4 was more original and complex than humans in every different thinking task, even when controlling for response fluency,” according to the study authors, quoted by ScienceDaily.

“In other words, GPT-4 showed higher creative potential across a sequence of divergent thinking tasks,” the researchers concluded.

However, these findings come with some caveats. First, this study aims to measure creative potential, not efforts to create.

“It is important to note that the measures used in this study are all measures of creative potential, but engagement in creative activities or accomplishments is another aspect of measuring a person’s creativity.”

Kent F. Hubert and Kim N. Awa, Ph.D psychology students involved in this research, also said that AI still depends on humans, does not determine itself.

“AI, unlike humans, has no agency,” the authors say, “relying on the help of human users. Therefore, AI’s creative potential remains in a stagnant state unless called upon.”

In other words, so far there will be no Terminator-style ‘doomsday’ triggered by the creativity of Skynet FOR4D computers to launch nuclear missiles throughout the world. The research also did not evaluate the conformity of GPT-4’s responses to reality. So, while AI may provide more responses and more original responses, human participants may feel limited by their responses having to be based on the real world. Awa also acknowledged that human motivation to write complex answers may not be high. On top of that, there’s the additional question of “how do you operationalize creativity? Can we say that using this test for humans can be generalized to different people? Does it assess a wide range of creative thinking?”

“So I think this makes us have to critically examine what measures of divergent thinking are most popular.”

The authors also say that they must study further whether AI can replace human creativity. For now, the researchers see “the future possibility of AI to act as a tool of inspiration, as an aid in a person’s creative process, or to overcome order as promising.”

“Situs Toto: Destinasi Utama Penggemar Permainan Togel Toto”


Dalam dunia perjudian online yang luas, Situs Toto muncul sebagai pemain terkemuka, menawarkan platform bagi para penggemar untuk menikmati keseruan Togel Toto dari kenyamanan rumah mereka. Menggunakan antarmuka yang ramah pengguna, beragam pilihan permainan, dan komitmen terhadap keamanan, Situs Toto telah menjadi tujuan pilihan bagi para pemain yang mencari pengalaman bermain game yang mendalam dan bermanfaat. Artikel ini bertujuan untuk mengungkap eksplorasi Situs Toto, menjelaskan fitur-fiturnya, dinamika gameplay, dan strategi kesuksesan yang diberikan kepada penggunanya.

Pengertian Situs Toto: Situs Toto adalah platform togel online ternama yang mengkhususkan diri dalam menawarkan permainan Togel Toto, juga disebut sebagai permainan lotere, kepada penggunanya. Platform ini menyediakan berbagai pilihan Togel Toto, termasuk permainan tradisional 2D, 3D, dan 4D, serta varian populer lainnya. Pemain dapat berpartisipasi dalam pengundian, memilih nomor pilihan mereka, dan memasang taruhan untuk mencoba peruntungan dalam memenangkan hadiah yang menggiurkan. Antarmuka Situs Toto yang intuitif dan gameplay yang mulus memastikan pemain mudah menavigasi platform dan menikmati keseruan permainan Togel Toto.

Fitur Utama Situs Toto:

Pilihan Permainan Beragam: Situs Toto menyediakan berbagai pilihan permainan Agen Togel Toto, memenuhi preferensi dan minat pemain yang berbeda.

Antarmuka Ramah Pengguna: Platform ini hadir dengan antarmuka ramah pengguna yang memudahkan pemain untuk masuk ke permainan favorit mereka dan memasang taruhan dengan mudah.

Aman dan Terpercaya: Situs Toto memprioritaskan keamanan dan privasi penggunanya, menerapkan langkah-langkah keamanan yang kuat untuk menjaga informasi pribadi dan keuangan mereka.

Bonus dan Promosi Besar: Situs Toto menawarkan berbagai bonus dan promosi untuk memberi penghargaan kepada penggunanya dan meningkatkan pengalaman bermain mereka.

Dukungan Pelanggan yang Responsif: Platform ini menyediakan layanan layanan pelanggan yang responsif untuk membantu pengguna dengan pertanyaan atau masalah apa pun yang mungkin mereka temui saat menggunakan platform.

Strategi Sukses di Situs Toto: Meskipun permainan Situs Togel Toto sangat bergantung pada keberuntungan, Anda dapat menemukan strategi yang dapat diterapkan pemain untuk meningkatkan peluang mereka menang di Situs Toto:

Penelitian dan Analisis: Analisis hasil dan tren undian sebelumnya untuk menemukan pola yang akan membantu menginformasikan strategi pemilihan nomor Anda.

Manajemen Anggaran: Tetapkan anggaran untuk kegiatan permainan Togel Toto dan patuhi anggaran tersebut untuk mencegah pengeluaran berlebihan.

Diversifikasi: Pertimbangkan untuk mendiversifikasi pilihan nomor Anda untuk mencakup kemungkinan yang lebih luas dan meningkatkan peluang Anda untuk menang.
Permainan yang Bertanggung Jawab: Latih kebiasaan bermain game yang bertanggung jawab, seperti menetapkan batasan dalam aktivitas bermain game Anda dan mengetahui kapan harus berhenti, untuk memastikan pengalaman bermain game yang aman dan menyenangkan.

Kesimpulan: Situs Togel atau Toto menyediakan platform yang nyaman dan menarik bagi para pemain untuk menikmati serunya bermain Togel Toto online. Dengan pilihan permainan yang beragam, antarmuka yang ramah pengguna, dan komitmen terhadap keamanan, Situs Toto terus menarik pemain dari semua lapisan masyarakat. Dengan memahami fitur dan dinamika platform, serta menerapkan strategi sukses yang efektif, pemain dapat memaksimalkan kesenangan mereka dan meningkatkan peluang mereka untuk menang di Situs Toto, sambil menikmati kegembiraan dan antisipasi yang ditawarkan permainan Togel Toto.

Apple Vision Pro

Danger to Eyes, Users Complain About Comfort Using Apple Vision Pro

Morrissey Technology – A number of Vision Pro consumers chose to return (refund) this new device from Apple because they admitted that they were uncomfortable when using the Virtual Reality (VR) device. Apple Vision Pro received the world’s spotlight after it was officially released in the United States (US) in early February 2024 with a price tag of US$3,499 or the equivalent of Rp. 55 million. Its appearance received high enthusiasm from lovers of Apple products.

However, that enthusiasm did not last long. Only two weeks after its release, users decided to return the product. Some users have complained about discomfort when using the Apple Vision Pro. They felt dizzy, nauseous and strained in the eyes shortly after using Vision Pro.

“While it was as amazing to wear as I had hoped, it was too uncomfortable to wear, even for short periods, due to its weight and the design of the strap. “I want to use it, but I’m afraid to wear it,” said one Vision Pro user, Parker Ortolani, quoting The Verge.

According to Arvind Saini, spokesperson for the American Academy of Ophthalmology, what Vision Pro users conveyed was apparently just a general complaint from users. He emphasized that there was nothing to worry about regarding this matter.

“Despite what many people believe, sitting too close to the TV does not damage the eyes. “Glass screens can damage the eyes, which is another myth,” he said.

Red eyes and irritation occur because users usually blink less when using the device. Eye strain can also be caused by something called vergence-accommodation conflict (a case when the brain sends signals when there is a mismatch between reality and the object being viewed). Meanwhile, regarding the symptoms of dizziness and nausea, according to Arvind, this occurs because the user sees moving images, so signals are sent to the brain to create a moving atmosphere, even though the user is still.

“While these symptoms can sometimes feel uncomfortable, there is no scientific evidence to suggest that any digital screen, including devices such as VR devices, is harmful to eye health,” he explained.

Even though it has not been scientifically proven regarding the negative impacts of using AR and VR, users are still required to use this technology in moderation. On its help page, Apple recommends Vision Pro users use the device sparingly and take breaks every 20-30 minutes.

Windows 11 Update

Microsoft Announces the Latest Features of Windows 11, Here’s a List of Feature Updates

Morrissey TechnologyMicrosoft has released new Windows 11 feature additions that will come in the next update. This will apply to all users running Windows 11 versions 23H2 and 23 H2 and is available to download from February 29 for those who want a manual update.

The dropped features focus on improving the operating system’s (OS) overall quality of life, including updates to Snap Layouts, Copilot, Widgets, and more. Reported by Windows Central, what has received the most attention in this release is the AI-powered Snap Layout feature, which uses machine learning to identify the applications you use most often and automatically suggests Snap Layouts based on the applications you open. This interface will appear whenever you hover over the maximize button in an app.

Microsoft also made changes to the Widgets Board, which now allows users to directly turn off the news feed for those who don’t want to see MSN news appear there. This change means the Widgets Board can now be used as an actual widget panel, free from clickbait titles. Other features that make a difference in the quality of your Windows 11 experience include the ability to directly write digitally into text fields throughout the OS, which should make using Windows with a pen even easier. A number of AI features are also present in the app, including generative erasing in the Photos app and the ability to automatically remove audio gaps in video files using Clipchamp.

Microsoft revealed several improvements to the launch of Windows Copilot with the announcement of this feature. These improvements include more plugins that enable additional capabilities, such as making dinner reservations with friends using OpenTable or managing your shopping with Instacart. During March, Microsoft will also enable new skills in Copilot to tie the assistant more closely to Windows. The following skills will be added to Windows Copilot this month :

  • Turn on/off battery saver
  • Show device information
  • Show system information
  • Show battery information
  • Go to the storage page
  • Launch Auto Caption
  • Launch Narrator
  • Launch Screen Magnifier
  • Go to the Voice Access page
  • Open the text size page
  • Go to the contrast theme page
  • Launch Voice input
  • Show available Wi-Fi networks
  • Show IP address
  • Show available storage space
  • Emptying the Recycle Bin

Adjustment with DMA

Microsoft has also taken steps to modify Windows 11 to comply with the Digital Markets Act (DMA) in countries that fall within the European Economic Area. These changes are included in future updates, and may not yet be enabled for all users.

Here are the changes coming to Windows 11 to comply with DMA :

  • Ability to uninstall Bing from Windows Search
  • Ability to replace Bing in Windows Search with a third-party search provider
  • Ability to uninstall Microsoft Edge
  • Ability to disable or replace the news feed in the Widget with a third party provider

Insiders in the Release Preview channel have been testing today’s feature drop for several weeks and have reported that they see this change in their build. So, if you don’t see it right away, you’ll likely see it start to appear in the next week or two. This update can be downloaded starting February 29 by going to Windows Update and making sure the “Get the latest updates as soon as they are available” button is enabled. Then, press check for updates; You will see the update ready to download. If you don’t see an update right away, it’s because Microsoft is providing updates in stages, so you may need to keep checking back. Microsoft estimates the feature update will be widely available in a Patch update in April 2024.